According to the 2006 General Social Survey, most Americans think society is structured like a giant football, with a small group of rich people at one end, a small group of poor people at the other end, and the majority filling out the middle.
In reality, society is a social pyramid, like the typical workplace. There is a boss at the top (the capitalist class) followed by a layer of managers or supervisors (the middle class). The majority do the actual work (the working class), with a portion of the workforce being unemployed at any given time.
The capitalist class and the working class have opposite goals and conflicting values:
- Bosses want workers to produce more in less time. Workers want to slow down to preserve their health.
- Bosses want lower wages so they can boost profits. Workers want higher wages so they can pay their bills.
- The drive for profit shapes values of the capitalist class – greed, corruption, and the hunger for power.
- Mutual dependence shapes the values of the working class – solidarity (an injury to one is an injury to all) and self-determination (what we wish for ourselves, we want for all).
The capitalist class and the working class are like oil and water. What prevents them from flying apart?
The capitalist class employs a managerial middle class to keep workers under control. Like the egg that holds oil and water together in mayonnaise, the middle class functions like an emulsifier, binding workers and capitalists in the social arrangement of capitalism.
At work, middle-class managers impose the will of the boss on the workers. In society, they impose the will of the capitalist class on the working class.
The middle class function as the loyal lieutenants of capitalism. When the working class rebel, the middle class condemn their demands as “unrealistic” and preach compromise so as not to offend the powers-that-be.
Without the middle class, the other two classes would battle for social control, and the advantage would go to the working class with its superior numbers and its hands on the wheels of production.
For more on the managerial class, read Rebel Minds: Class War, Mass Suffering, and the Urgent Need for Socialism.