In the book, The Hidden Injuries of Class, a worker ponders this dilemma.
“The more a person is on the receiving end of orders, the more the person’s got to think he or she is really somewhere else in order to keep up self-respect. And yet it’s at work that you’re supposed to ‘make something’ of yourself, so if you’re not really there, how are you going to make something of yourself?”
Capitalism alienates the majority from control over the decision-making process, putting most people “on the receiving end of orders.” Dissociation is a psychological defence against feeling powerless; the worker goes “somewhere else” to preserve self-respect. However, dissociation keeps the worker in his alienated condition, “so if you’re not really there, how are you going to make something of yourself?”
Alienation and dissociation reinforce each other in countless ways to create a deep sense of powerlessness. People who are forced to function like cogs in the social machine have dissociated relationships with the other cogs. There is no direct and conscious sharing of the creative, productive process.
Instead of relating to each other as fellow producers, directly exchanging what they want and need, workers relate to each other as dissociated consumers: you pay my boss for what I make and I pay your boss for what you make.
Consequently, despite living, working, commuting, and shopping together, most people feel disconnected from others. We talk about what we cannot control (sports, the weather) to avoid discussing what we are not allowed to control (our work, the world).
Capitalism alienates us from the natural world by disconnecting the past and the future from the present. Only the sale matters.
Every day, tons of industrial chemicals, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals are produced with no consideration for what happens after they are sold. Once used, these products are thrown away, washed away, and excreted from human and animal bodies, entering rivers, streams, and lakes to return in the form of contaminated air, food, and water. Despite widespread public concern over such practices, they persist because profit rules.
When people feel helpless to stop the destruction caused by capitalist rule, they have two options: they can dissociate from the pain or they can organize a fightback.
People who feel powerless have been compared to laboratory animals who are subjected to unavoidable electrical shocks. Even when their cage doors are opened, the animals do not escape. This phenomenon is called “learned helplessness,” where the familiar, no matter how terrible, seems preferable to the unknown, no matter how promising.
There is a problem with this comparison. Animals have limited ways to extract themselves from harmful situations. In contrast, human beings are resourceful problem-solvers. And while individuals are limited in their ability to solve problems, there is virtually no limit to the problems that people can solve together.
The people-in-power use divide-and-rule strategies to keep the majority feeling isolated, powerless, and hopeless – like animals in cages. Under such conditions, we are less likely to see or to seek solutions. We can change this by organizing.
Cooperation counters the downward cycle of alienation and dissociation. People who work together to solve their common problems feel stronger and more hopeful. They work harder to find solutions, thereby increasing their chances of success.
Whether we feel hopeless or hopeful, powerless or powerful depends on whether we work alone or together. Alone, we cannot protect ourselves from ruthless bosses, corrupt corporations, toxic pollution, and war-mongering governments. As an organized majority class, we can take collective control of society and put an end to alienation and dissociation in all their forms.